How can I get rid of fleas?
Oregon’s urban entomologist calls fleas “the bane of every dog and cat owner.” Many of us agree, especially when we’ve just been bitten. However, this doesn’t mean we need to resort to pesticides to keep these annoying little insects under control. Common sense techniques can keep your house free from poisons and flea problems.
One important component of any flea control program is washing the pet’s bedding. Since immature fleas will most often be found off of the host, washing pet bedding regularly can help reduce the number of fleas present in the home. For best results, wash bedding and throw rugs often, at least once a week when fleas are bad.
A flea comb is a good pesticide-free method of removing fleas from your dog or cat. A flea comb works by catching the fleas in the very narrow gaps between the teeth or forcing them to jump off. Use a flea comb outside, and keep a container of soapy water nearby for drowning the fleas, or comb your pet in a bathtub where you can rinse the fleas down the drain. Start by running the comb gently through your pet’s coat. After each run through, dunk the comb in the water and leave any fur caught in the comb in the water. The soapy water will kill the fleas. Continue this procedure until the entire pet has been combed, making sure to comb their underside.
A flea comb can be used every day when fleas are bad, and can help prevent fleas entering the house if used before the pet comes inside.
Flea traps provide a non-chemical option to reduce the number of fleas present in the home. Flea traps use an incandescent light bulb to attract the fleas which then become caught on sticky paper. Flea traps are available commercially from Enforcer Products (www.enforcer.com), Woodstream (www.victorpest.com), and Springstar, LLC (www.springstar.net) and usually cost less than $15.
A published study showed that flea traps are effective at capturing about 10 percent of the adult fleas. Studies sponsored by a trap manufacturer found much higher trapping rates, up to 95 percent. Even if trapping rates are variable, traps are worth trying in your home, especially when coupled with other non-chemical methods.
Vacuuming is perhaps the most important part of any non-chemical flea control program. A laboratory study done at the University of California showed that vacuuming catches about 96 percent of adult fleas.
In addition to capturing the adult fleas, vacuuming may help to dislodge eggs and larvae from the carpeting and bedding. It also stimulates emerging adults to leave their cocoons, so that they can be vacuumed up next time you vacuum. Vacuum often, even daily. After use, seal the vacuum bag inside a plastic trash bag to keep fleas from escaping and throw it away. Or fasten a plastic bag over the end of the vacuum cleaner hose until you vacuum again.
Nematodes are a biological control that can help if you have a significant number of fleas outside your home. Nematodes of the genus Steinernema feed on many insects, including immature fleas.
To use nematodes to manage fleas, apply them to soil in areas where your pet spends time. The nematodes need about 20 percent soil moisture in order to survive, so spray the area with water every few days.
Less Toxic Chemical Controls
NCAP does not recommend the use of pesticides; however, we recognize that you may feel you must use them when coping with serious flea problems.
Please try our nonchemical solutions first! If you feel that use of an insecticide is unavoidable, consider the following hazards of common flea insecticides as you make your decision about how to proceed: Boric acid kills fleas both by causing dehydration and by acting as a stomach poison. In laboratory tests boric acid damaged sperm and caused miscarriages.
Diatomaceous earth is made up of the mineral amorphous silica.
Many pets are family members. We pet them, play with them, and share
our homes with them. These interactions are healthiest if neither fleas nor
flea insecticides are involved. The non-chemical flea management ideas
in this article let you keep flea problems poisons. Give them a try!
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